IMPETUS takes into consideration drone market needs and previous emerging technologies to propose a cloud-based server-less environment based on the use of the Smart concept and the application of ‘micro-services’ and ‘Function as a Service (FaaS)’ paradigms to deliver a solution which will be cost-effective, scalable and capable of enabling both market-based mechanisms for information provision as well as public governance and oversight required for safety and regulatory compliance.
Previous solution is expected to result in a dynamic ecosystem of new services to enhance safe and integrated drone operations. IMPETUS micro-services will be characterized by being small, self-contained units of execution with well-defined API. Each service will be decoupled from the rest and deployed individually, having a reduced operational complexity. Micro-services will have a fully automated lifecycle, allowing the scalability of the overall system in order to support the RPAS growth. They will minimize bandwidth & latency in order to enable the consumption of the services through mobile devices with subpar connections. They will be designed to ensure that micro-service developers will not need to care about service placement or infrastructure specifics, ensuring security requirements.
On the other hand, it is important to design an attractive solution for all parties in order to ensure fast adoption for industry acceptance and to prevent overregulation, which could lead to industry stagnation. A great deal of the success of the current drone services applications comes from the flexibility and easiness of deployment they provide. Therefore it is essential that the new solution and set of micro-services offered by IMPETUS try to preserve this freedom while meeting all safety requirements from an ATM perspective. As the information set that the drone operator could get through IMPETUS is also going to make its operation easier this can compensate for some rules that they will have to follow.
The IMPETUS approach is based on the analysis and identification of the needs of the future drone operators and service providers in order to define a conceptual model of drone information micro-services as well as a cloud-based architecture which will give answer to the identified needs.
This conceptual model and its selected architecture constitute the IMPETUS Solution fulfilling the requirements in terms of scalability, safety, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the drone operations. The technical and commercial feasibility of this solution will be demonstrated by means of laboratory-based experimental tests using a prototype of the IMPETUS Solution containing the required functionality to allow the integration of a set of micro-services which jointly provide enough evidence of the fulfilment of project’s objectives.
The project will implement proper mechanisms to use the expertise internal to the consortium and to also ensure the feedback of key stakeholders. These mechanisms will be mainly a set of workshops where information will be obtained related to current and future volume of traffic, drone operations, emerging IT technologies and their applicability to an Smart U-space Concept, and recommendations over the achieved results.
To complement internal knowledge, IMPETUS will consult its Advisory Board which will intervene at several stages of IMPETUS research activities to offer an enriched view of the industry and research community thus ensuring that IMPETUS solution reflects the needs of a wide range of business models and user’s needs.
IMPETUS will also perform a benchmarking with today’s drone information management systems. This will allow not only assessing the expected performance improvements of the future IMPETUS solution in comparison with today’s systems, but also analysing the cost implications within the envisioned market.
Following figure represents the stepped progress that the project will follow.